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Bharatpur (Rajasthan)
22 sq.kms
250 m
37.0 C - 45.0 C (Summer) , 7.0 C - 31.7 C (Winter)
light tropical in summer, light woolen in winter
Best Season For Visit
107 cms (July to September).
STD Code
Rajasthani, Hindi and English
The 55 km journey by road from Agra drives you to the town of Bharatpur-the eastern gateway to Rajasthan. Bharatpur is popular for its bird sanctuary-the Keoladeo Ghana National Park - finest in Asia rich avian variety. Every year the rare Siberian cranes come to spend the winter in the warmer climate of Bharatpur.
Maharaja Suraj Mal founded the city of Bharatpur in 1733 AD. Once an unassailable and well-equipped city, it was carved out of the region previously known as Mewat. Suraj Mal seized the fort of Bharatpur from Khemkaran, the rival chief. Even in the time of political crisis, Suraj Mal made a name and position for himself and went from one accomplishment to another. A number of forts and palaces were built by him throughout the territory. Read on this Bharatpur city guide to know more about the city:
Places For Visit
Bharatpur (Keoladeo Ghana) National Park:
The Bharatpur National Park is also known by the name of Keoladeo Ghana. The name Keoladeo is derived from a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva situated in the center of the park. The word Ghana means dense and refers to the thick forest that used to cover the park area at one point of time. The park houses approximately 375 species of exotic birds, both resident as well as migratory. Out of those, almost 132 breeds inhabit the sanctuary. The migratory birds arrive not only from different parts of India, rather, from places as far as Europe, Siberia, China, Tibet, etc. Bharatpur also serves as a habitat to animals like Sambar, Cheetal, Nilgai, Boar, etc.
Bharatpur Palace and Government Museum
The Bharatpur Palace owes its formation to a number of Maharajas. This beautiful piece of architecture is a blend of the Mughal and Rajput styles. The palace houses a number of apartments, decorated with elaborately designed patterned floor tiles. The main central wing of the palace has now been converted into a museum. The museum exhibits rich collection of artifacts dating back to as far as the 2nd century. On display, is an array of antiquities, exquisite sculptures, ancient inscriptions, etc.
Ganga Mandir (Temple)
Ganga Mandir is an architectural wonder. Built by Maharaja Balwant Singh in 1845, this temple has a unique story attached to it. It is believed that all the people employed in the service of the state were asked to donate one month's salary or any increment in their salary for the temple. The temple was constructed out of this money only.
Laxman Mandir (Temple)
Laxman Mandir is dedicated to the younger brother of Lord Rama, Laxman. The doorways, ceilings, pillars, walls and arches of the temple are carved with intricate stonework..
Lohargarh Fort (Iron Fort)
The focal point behind the construction of the Lohagarh Fort was strength and defense. The fort withstood many attacks by the British. They fort is known not for beauty, rather, for the power and brilliance it exudes. It is unlike any other fort in the state of Rajasthan. Surrounding the fort is a moat, which acted as a form of defense against the enemy attacks. The fort has an Ashtadhatu (eight-metal) gate, adorned with huge elephant paintings. Other attractions of the fort include Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas, Moti Mahal, Kothi Khas, Jawahar Burj, Fateh Burj, etc.
Deeg Fort
The fort is known to have a number of palaces that are simply majestic and exhibit beauty to the beholders. The major palaces of the fort are Gopal Bhavan, Suraj Bhavan, Nand Bhavan, Kishan Bhavan, Keshav Bhavan, Purana Mahal and Sheesh Mahal. All these palaces are collectively known as Deeg palace and are strikingly beautiful. The fort is also famous for its sprawling gardens that are set on the famous char bagh style that was peculiar to Mughal architecture. The gardens in the fort are maintained extremely well till today and locals come to these gardens for picnics.
Ganga Temple
Ganga Temple in Bharatpur was built by Maharaja Balwant Singh, the ruler of Bharatpur. It is said that the king who had no child for several years pleaded to goddess Ganga to fulfill his desire and even promised to get a temple constructed in her name if he was blessed with a son. As the legend goes, the goddess granted his wish and the king ordered the construction of the temple in 1845 that took nearly 91 years to complete! History suggests that the idol of goddess Ganga was finally placed in the temple, which was then named after her, by Brijendra Singh who was the fifth descendant of Balwant Singh.
Get Bharatpur
Visit by Road - Bharatpur bird sanctuary is located on the Agra-Jaipur highway and is two-hours by bus from Agra (55 km). Private and state transport buses connect the Bharatpur bird sanctuary with other parts of Rajasthan.
Visit by Air - The nearest airport from Bharatpur is N Delhi (184 Km).
Visit by Rail - Bharatpur is the nearest rail junction, which is well connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and many other parts of India.

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