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Mathura (Birth Place of Shri Krishna)
Tour
 
Mathura
Climate
 
Summer :- Max 45ºC, Min 21.9ºC
Winter :- Max 31.7ºC, Min 4.2ºC.
General Information
 
Braj is the land of Krishna and Mathura is its epicenter. Since time immemorial, Mathura has been home to the follower of Krishna. The city of milkmaids has a lot to offer when it comes to 'Krishna Tourism'. The city has some of the beautiful temples and religious sites. We list a few of them: -
Mythology
 
The holy town along the banks of the Yamuna is one of the few which has been mentioned both in history and mythology. Mathura is full of stories of Krishna, his birth and the part of his life he spent there. A king named Ugrasena ruled over Mathura. Once Ugrasena and his wife were taking a walk in the gardens when a demon saw the queen and fell in love with her. In his lust for her he diverted Ugrasena, assumed his form and the child born of this union was Kansa. Kansa grew up to dethrone his father and imprison his cousin, Devaki.
While driving Devaki and her husband Vasudeva in his chariot, Kansa heard a voice in the sky telling him that he way carrying a woman whose eighth child would kill him. Kansa immediately prepared to till Devaki. But Vasudeva intervened and begged for her life with the promise that they would hand over all their children to him soon after their birth. So Kansa imprisoned them and killed seven children. A few minutes before the eighth child was to be born Vasudeva was advised by a voice from the heavens to carry the baby to Yasoda and Nanda (a cowherd) in Brindaban and exchange it for the baby girl born there. It was midnight and pouring with rain. Putting the new born baby in basket Vasudeva set out wondering how he'd protect the child from the rain. But he needn't have worried. The prison doors opened, the rivers receded and the serpent on which Lord Vishnu reclines came down to protect Lord Krishna with its hood. Krishna arrived safely in Brindaban to grow up to kill Kansa.
Rishikesh is an ideal destination not only for pilgrims but also for those who want to delve deeper into meditation, Yoga and other aspects of Hinduism. For the adventurous, Rishikesh is the place for starting their trekking expeditions and excursions towards the Himalayan peaks. The International Yoga week, which attracts participation from all across the world, is held here every year from 2nd to 7th Feb on the bank of Ganga river.
 
Festivals & Attractions
Holi and Janamashtami are two festivals celebrated with great fervour in Mathura. Both these festivals are associated with Lord Krishna. Holi is celebrated in the temples before it is celebrated on the streets, as it is considered auspicious to play with the Lord, first. This festival is preceded by performances that last well over a week. Artists from various parts of the country gather here to perform raas leela, or dance recitals depicting Krishna's flirtatious interlude with the gopis, or the village maidens. Gayan mandalis, or singing troupes that render folk songs particularly associated with Holi, flock to this place. The artistic exuberance associated with the festival is termed as Rang Gulal.
   
Krishna Janmbhoomi
 
The birth site of lord Krishna, it is also a disputed land due to its closeness to a mosque. There is a old prison at the basement of the temple, which is said to be the same prison where Krishna took birth. The temple complex was heavily destructed by Aurangzeb and a mosque was constructed at the site.
 
Dwarkadhish Temple
 
The Dwarkadhish Temple was built in early 19th century. The temple is the main centre of celebrations during festivals and fairs. The temple is heavily decorated during any festival celebrations.
 
Ranghbhumi
   
Opposite the post office in Mathura is Ranghbhumi, the wrestling arena where Krishna killed Kansa in a duel and set his parents free reinstating his maternal grandfather Ugrasena on the throne. Kansa's fort stood on the riverbank. The most important bathing ghat of Mathura is the Vishram Ghat. It is here that Krishna took vishram (rest) after killing Kansa.
Archaeological Museum
   
The Archaeological Museum of Mathura is an important place to visit. It houses an excellent collection of sculptures belonging to the ancient Mathura School of Art.
Location
Mathura is connected to all the major cities, by National Highways. It is linked by the regular state bus services of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana.Mathura is on the main lines of the Central and Western Railways and is connected with all the important cities of the state and country such as Delhi, Agra, Mumbai, Jaipur, Gwalior, Calcutta, Hydrabad, Chennai, Lucknow etc.

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