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Junagarh Fort, Bikaner
Junagarh: Built in 1593 A.D. by Raja Rai Singh, a general in the army of Emperor Akbar, the fort is a formidable structure encircled by a moat and has some beautiful palaces within. These palaces, made in red sandstone and marble, make a picturesque ensemble of courtyards, balconies, kiosks and windows dotted all over the structure.
This fort was built by Raja Rai Singhji, the sixth ruler of Bikaner, who ruled form 1571 to 1612 AD. Raja Rai Singhji could Marshal the revenues of a Kingdom increased by the conquest of half Marwar and grant of half Gujrat and made use of ample funds from Jodhpur and Western Deccan for the construction of this fort. A contemporary of Mughal Emperor Akbar and Emperor Jehangir, he held a very high rank in Junagarh Fort, Bikaner the Imperial court. As a reward for this services as military commander, he was granted fields of Gujrat and Burhanpur by the Emperor. During his tenure in imperial service he traveled far and wide which gave him vision and great ideas about art and architecture and we can see how meticulously these ideas were incorporated in the architectural styles of his building in Junagarh fort.
Other Historical Place
This very old fort, from which the city derives its name (jirna means old) stands on the eastern side of Junagadh and has been rebuilt and extended many times centuries In places, the walls are 20m high and a ornate triple gateway Forms the entrance to the fort. It's said the fort was besieged for a full 12 years. In all, it was besieged 16 times. It is also said that the fort was abandoned from the 7th to10th centuries and, when rediscovered, it was completely over grown by jungle. The plateau-like area formed by the top of the old fort is covered in lantana scrub. Entry is Rs 1.
Jama Masjid
The mosque inside the fort, was built from a demolished Hindu temple. Other points of interest include the Tomb of Nuri shah and two fine baolis (stepwells) known as the Adi Chadi and the Naughan. The Adi Chadi is named after two of the slave girls who fetched water from it. The Naughan is reached by a magnificent circular staircase. Cut into the hillside close to the mosque are some ancient Buddhist caves which are thought to be at least ISOU years old. These eerie double-story caves have six pillars with very fine carvings. The soft rock on which Junagadh is built encouraged the construction of caves and wells, and there are other caves in Junagadh, including some thought to date back to the time of Ashoka.
Darbar Hall Museum
This museum has the usual display of weapons and armour from the days of the nawabs, with their collections of silver chains and. chandeliers, settees and thrones, howdahs and palanquins, and a few cushions and gowns, as well as a huge carpet which was woven in Junagadh's jail. There's a portrait gallery of the nawabs and local petty princes, including photos of the last nawab with his various beloved dogs. It's open from 9 am to 12.15 pm and 3 to 6 pm daily except Wednesday and the 2nd and 4th Saturday of every month. Entry is Rs 0.50
Mahabat Maqbara
This stunning mausoleum of one of the nawabs of Junagadh is resplendent with silver doors and intricate architecture, including minarets encircled by spiralling stairways. The mausoleum is generally locked but you may be able to obtain the keys from the adjacent mosque.
Get Agrafort
Visit by Road -unagadh to Bombay- 802 kms, Rajkot- 99 kms, Ahmedabad- 315 kms, Keshod- 37 kms, Sasangir- 58 kms, Somnath- 92 kms, Porbandar- 107 kms, Palitana- 213 kms, Jamnagar-184 kms.
Visit by Air - Nearest airport Keshod- 37 km & Rajkot- 99 km.
Visit by Rail -Well connected to Ahmedabad..

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